Acne (Acne vulgaris), syn. blackheads youth – a chronic, often relapsing disease characterized by purulent inflammation of the sebaceous glands.

Acne is the result of an imbalance of androgens in the body and, consequently, enhance sebaceous excretions. Ducts of the sebaceous glands clogged sebum and comedones arise – black eels. Standing in the blocked ducts sebum begins to decompose, forming a fertile breeding ground for pathogenic organisms, mainly coccus, Corynebacterium, propionbaktery.

Most often the disease occurs between the ages of 15-18 years, which is usually associated with puberty, but can occur at any age in the influence of adverse factors. Contribute to the appearance of acne hereditary

predisposition, disruption of the endocrine glands, dysfunction of the digestive system, vitamin deficiencies, poor diet (excessive consumption of foods that are high in fat, carbohydrates). The main clinical manifestation – the appearance of the skin of comedones , papules, pustulosis. Usually around the comedo develops an inflammatory process: the comedo is transformed into a conical papules bright red or blue and red. In the center of a papule may be a small pustule – then talk about papulopustuleznyh acne.

The inflammatory process is characterized by different depths, in connection with which secrete indurativnye eels, which are extensive infiltrates with an uneven surface, and eels phlegmonous in which inflammation affects the deeper layers of skin, is slow and long. In some cases, acne tend to merge.

Highlights the necrotic acne, which develops deep in the follicle cells of tissue necrosis. Presumably, its development has strep nature. Most often occurs in men aged 30-50, located on the forehead and temples, and a pustule with hemorrhagic content. After the disappearance of acne scars left on the skin.

Acne keloid – hotel kind of acne , occurring predominantly in men aged 20-40 years. They are usually located in the neck and the back of the neck. The skin around them abruptly sealed, the hair on such areas grow beams. Leave a keloid scars.

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