Subcutaneous mite that lives on the skin, most people usually do not cause any discomfort. But over the years, some people suffer from chronic skin disease, it is difficult to effectively verifiable treatment, sometimes without even knowing that it is a harmless subcutaneous mite, Demodex.
What is a Demodex
Demodex or subcutaneous mite is microscopic-sized mites living on human skin. It typically lives in the surface layers of the skin, eating shed dead cells without causing any unpleasant sensations. Favourite places of its dwelling – the roots of the hair and sebaceous glands. Outwardly Demodex is oval and the length of the body is several times less than mm. The body is covered with thick three-layer cuticle, which has no holes, so the demodex could safely hide it from any adverse effects. The cuticle is not long, that gives kleŝu additional protection from the effects of drugs used in its treatment.
The time Demodex is a harmless inhabitant of the skin. But under certain conditions, it begins to rapidly multiply and it becomes insufficient supply in the surface layers of the skin, so it penetrates to deeper layers, causing the disease.
Condition for the onset of the disease is changing the work of sebaceous glands. Most often this happens in adolescence, when under the influence of the hormones change the composition of sebum and reduced immunity. Here the tick and begins to multiply rapidly. And so how to kill Demodex easy, lasts a long time, chronically, it had various types of bacterial infections, causing all new aggravation.
As well as a growing number of diseases among the population, resulting in reduced immunity, grows and the incidence of demodicosis. Is there any chronic diseases and hotbeds of infection. Most people are not immediately know the cause of his illness and the long unsuccessfully treated by various bacterial infections, before this request to a specialist – dermatovenerologu.
How is demodicosis
The disease begins with a rash on the skin in the form of small elevations (papules). Gradually the whole affected area of the skin is inflamed, with a bacterial infection, popping pustules. Demodeksom on the affected skin areas of inflammation are alternated with patches of flaky skin.
Sometimes these areas are located on the face, so (for example, in the form of a butterfly, on the cheeks) that resemble symptoms of severe systemic diseases of connective tissue – the system red lupus. As well as treatment of Lupus involves the appointment of glucocorticoid hormones to reduce the immunity status of patients after such treatment.
Demodicosis is long-term, years, obostrââs′ in the spring and summer. After several exacerbations of skin thickens, it becomes rough, rash and peeling are present on it almost constantly.
Demodicosis exacerbates all the skin problems that predispose to the accession of other skin diseases such as acne, rosacea and other, as well as the inflammatory diseases of the eye.
The most important thing is to put the correct diagnosis
Until you put the correct diagnosis, no treatment will not help, all manifestations of demodekoza will only progress. As demodicosis is often combined with other skin diseases (and is disguised under them), then the long-ongoing skin disease it is always advisable to conduct laboratory tests for the detection of subcutaneous mite.
The research in the laboratory to send any dermal elements, scrapings from affected areas of the skin or secret sebaceous glands, which under the microscope reveals a large amount of subcutaneous mite. In some cases, the study is taken a piece of diseased demodeksom tissue. Under the microscope in this material except subcutaneous ticks can detect the characteristic changes of tissue: the overgrowth of sebaceous glands, hair roots, the expansion of capillaries and thickening of their walls. Pre-course material for analysis, you cannot carry out any treatment during the week and wash the face with water within days.