Diet for stomach ulcers is important because the mucosa of the stomach in this disease is broken and rough, insufficient intake of processed or conducive to the active allocation of gastric juice food can it even more hurt. So sick of the disease must always, even without exacerbation, remember that what they cannot eat.
Causes and symptoms of stomach ulcers
Stomach ulcer develops because of different reasons. This can include dietary violations (irregular eating, food, spicy dishes and hasty, etc.), stress, nervous processes are broken and the hormonal regulation of the functions of the digestive system, the wall of the stomach may be a hotbed of circulatory disorders, and thus supply the stomach tissue.
Often the disease occurs in several family members, it says the hereditary features of the structure of the stomach and its physiological functions. For stomach ulcers also predispose the individual characteristics of the nervous system (increased nervousness), intake of certain medications, smoking.
As a result of the complex causes of gastric mucosa loses its protective properties and allows you to penetrate the wall of the stomach infections (bacteria Helicobacter pylori), which causes the stomach ulcer.
Signs of stomach ulcers are pain, heartburn, belching, nausea and vomiting.
Fundamentals of clinical nutrition at a stomach ulcer
In acute ulcers is rigid diet. At first this table 1A – approximately a week. This provides mechanical and chemical protection of gastric mucosa. The frequency of meals from 6 to 8 times a day-it prevents many gastric juice secretion.
If the patient’s condition improves, then a week later he is transferred to the table 1B, which is usually given within the next two weeks. Because this table contains almost all the necessary ingredients on slow for power regenerative processes in the stomach (it tried to reduce signs of disease and the endoscopic examination) the duration of the appointment will be extended for an additional week.
But more on the 3-rd week of the disease the patient transferred to table no. 1, with pâtirazovym food (and a glass of milk or jelly at night) at intervals between meals 3-4 hours and a light dinner.
After sharpening, the patient still runs out for a period of not less than six months shall be operated in conformity with table no. 1. During this period might be ebb and tide power (typical dishes at short intervals) and returns to step 1. If this does not cause complications, then six months later you can go to a normal diet with the exception of pickles, kopčenij, pickles, canned foods, fried foods, strong meat and fish broth, carbonated beverages, condiments and products containing large amounts of coarse fiber (cucumbers, cabbage and so on).
Table No. 1a
Indications: disease in the acute stage. Purpose: to reduce excitability of the stomach, restoration of reflex of gastric mucosa by maximizing chemical and mechanical ŝaženiâ.
To chemical ŝaženiâ the stomach recommended reception products with antacid (decreasing the acidity of gastric juice). Such products include milk and milk products. In rejecting fresh milk (for example, with a deficiency of the enzyme lactase, which is needed to break down the milk sugar-lactose-free) you can substitute fresh (one-day) kefir. Excluded substances stimulating the secretion of gastric juice
For mechanical protection of gastric mucosa in diet such patients must present slimy soups with a minimum amount of table salt. Eggs are assigned only soft-boiled. Sweet dishes predominate or Jello jelly. Limited to the food irritates the stomach lining. Temperature of hot dishes – not higher than 55° c, cold-not below 15° c. Food is given only in liquid as often (6 times daily) and small portions.