Intervertebral hernia often associated with a sedentary lifestyle because of the weakened muscles of the spine can not properly hold it in an upright position. Therefore, prevention of this disease are gymnastics and especially swimming.
All of the herniated
Intervertebral hernia occurs due to rupture of the fibrous ring of the intervertebral disc (intervertebral disc – it crashpad between the individual vertebrae, which is composed of fibrous or connective tissue of the ring within which concluded nucleus pulposus) through which the spinal column goes beyond the nucleus pulposus part of the disk. Since the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc ruptured squeezes the surrounding tissue, and the injured spinal nerves, ligaments, broken spinal mobility, becomes inflamed and swelling of the surrounding soft tissues.
Because of these changes in the spine patient feels severe pain in the back, legs, weakness in the limbs, numbness in certain areas of the body. Sometimes, due to compression of finite structures of spinal cord (cauda equina) may appear lower body paralysis, impaired defecation and urination. This is a dangerous condition, which is an indication for surgery.
Intervertebral hernia may result from age-related changes disc injuries and diseases. Contributing factors are lack of exercise and excess weight.
Establish the diagnosis of intervertebral hernia doctors, neurologists, neurosurgeons, confirming the X-ray examination of his data.
Disk herniation treatment can be conservative and operative.
How to treat a herniated conservative
Conservative treatment begins with an emergency patient, if he is concerned about severe pain. Patients were calm, cold on his back (tissue swelling), made in the course of procaine blockade disadvantaged spinal nerve appointed physiotherapy and pain medication – painkillers by injection and medication inside. Prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Voltaren, indomethacin, Movalis and so on), if necessary – even stronger painkillers – opiates. Also prescribed muscle relaxants – drugs, relaxing muscles, since disc herniation has expressed protective spasm of the back muscles, which increases pain.
After the pain removed, the patient explains how to move in order to reduce the likelihood of pain. Explain what movements he will benefit, and what – in harm. Prescribe a course of physiotherapy, massage, acupuncture, chiropractic, physiotherapy. Recommended spa treatment and weight loss.