Dysmenorrhea: difficulty menstrual expiration

Many women during menstruation are experiencing discomfort. Dysmenorrhea, or painful menstruation, may manifest as minor abdominal pains and psycho-emotional and vegetative-vascular disorders. Pain that occur each month, they wait, have a negative impact on the overall health of women, and can even lead to the disintegration of the family.

Dysmenorrhea, translated from Greek, means difficulty menstrual expiration. In the domestic literature dismenoreû more commonly called al′gomenoreej or al′godismenoreej. Dysmenorrhea is menstrual irregularities, in shvatkoobraznyh or noûŝih lower abdominal pains, lumbar or sacral during menstruation and causing general disruption of health.

The Reasons For

Cause of dysmenorrhea does not exactly, but it is known that it involves violation of the synthesis of prostaglandins (hormone, causing pain and inflammatory reaction). Also, Dysmenorrhea can occur in the presence of gynaecological disorders (endometriosis, uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory diseases, ovarian tumors and congenital abnormalities of the genital organs).


Allocate primary dismenoreû, which is not associated with anatomical changes of the internal genital organs, and secondary, occurring when the pathological processes in the small pelvis.

On the expressiveness of symptoms of dismenoreû divided into mild, moderate and severe.

Primary dysmenorrhea

Primary dysmenorrhea usually occurs in young girls and women. There is pain with first menstruation or after 1-1, 5 years after menarche. There is pain on the first day of the month or for 10-12 hours before them, they are localized, uterine cramping in the lower abdomen, may enroll in the rectum, bladder or waist. In addition to pain, there may be nausea, vomiting, fever up to 38 degrees, diarrhea, weakness and headache. By psycho-emotional status may experience anxiety, irritability, tearfulness, insomnia or drowsiness. Often primary dysmenorrhea occurs in asthenic women with low weight and emotionally unstable, prone to obmorokam women.

Secondary dysmenorrhea

Secondary dysmenorrhea is usually seen in women 30-35 years. The most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea is endometriosis. In this disease the patients complain of aching lower abdominal pain that worsens during menstruation. Èndometrioznye pain last during the first two-three days of the month, almost not radiating into the lower back and rectum and not accompanied by vegetative disorders (vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, tachycardia, headaches).

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